Information about Brexit
We have grouped together information about Brexit and the future EU-UK relationship. These pages offer information, for example, on the negotiation process and the withdrawal agreement and on how UK and Finnish citizens and businesses should prepare for a withdrawal without an agreement.
The European Council agreed to delay the United Kingdom’s withdrawal date until 31 January 2020. This flexible extension allows the UK to leave the EU even earlier, should the withdrawal agreement take effect prior to that date. In that scenario, Brexit could become effective either on 1 December 2019 or 1 January 2020.
At the request of the UK, the Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration adopted by the EU member states in November 2018 were partly renegotiated in autumn 2019. The European Council (Art. 50) endorsed the revised agreement and approved the revised declaration on 17 October 2019. The British Parliament and the European Parliament still have to give their consent to the agreement.
The EU believes that it is a fair outcome that secures the interests and unity of the EU, while safeguarding peace and stability on the island of Ireland.
The EU and its Member States have also made preparations for a no-deal scenario in which the UK withdraws from the EU without an agreement.
The negotiation process
On 23 June 2016, the United Kingdom held a referendum on EU membership. On 29 March 2017, the UK gave its notification of withdrawal from the EU, which triggered the two-year negotiation period.
The sole purpose of the withdrawal agreement is to ensure the UK’s orderly withdrawal from the European Union.
Citizens’ rights under the withdrawal agreement
Finland’s primary objective in the withdrawal negotiations was to secure the rights of citizens. Free movement of persons would continue unaltered until the end of the transition period.
Negotiations on the future relationship between the EU and the UK can only be started after the UK has withdrawn from the EU. In other words, a transition period is needed between the withdrawal and the future relationship.
Future relationship between the EU and the UK
The withdrawal agreement does not contain any provisions on future EU–UK relations. Negotiations on the future relationship can only be started after the UK has left the EU. A political declaration setting out the framework for the future relationship was negotiated with the UK.
Withdrawal without an agreement
In a no-deal withdrawal scenario, the EU treaties and EU law will immediately cease to apply in relation to the UK.