European Digital Identity Wallets
The EU is developing common legislation for European Digital Identity Wallet (EUDI Wallet), and Finland is actively participating in this work. The underlying goal of European Digital Identity Wallet is to develop secure and reliable solutions for people to manage and use their information in the EU. The ability to prove one’s identity electronically in different EU Member States remains an important goal, but is no longer a sufficient one. It is more and more often becoming necessary to provide proof electronically of other personal information, such as degrees, professional competences or valid driving licences.
Wallet applications will make it easier to show personal data
In practice, the upcoming legislation concerns wallet applications for smartphones. The idea is for the applications to serve a similar purpose to traditional physical wallets, particularly from the perspective of certificates and personal data.
Wallets normally contain, for example, identity cards, driving licences and various professional certificates, such as hygiene passports. In other words, a variety of personal data concerning the wallet’s owner. The wallet application could contain the same types of personal information and certificates in an electronic format. A person could use the wallet application to provide proof of this kind of information when using services, and service providers would be able to trust that the information shared with them using the wallet application is accurate and up to date.
Background: Agreement reached on legislation on European Digital Identity Wallets
The preparation of legislation on European Digital Identity Wallets is nearly complete in the EU. The Council of Europe and the European Parliament, which are the institutions that make decisions in the EU legislative process, have reached an agreement on the key content of the proposed regulation. The formal consent procedure and translation of the regulation in to the EU’s official languages remain to be completed.
According to current estimates, the regulation could enter into force in early 2024. Meeting these obligations will require the development of functional solutions in Finland, such as a wallet application, and may also require amendments to national legislation. It is currently estimated that wallet applications would have to be made available in all Member States in 2026. The Ministry of Finance will coordinate the fulfilment of these obligations and the related preparatory work in Finland.
Finland has actively participated in the preparation of the legislative proposal in the EU. Finland has taken a positive stance on the development of legislation concerning wallet applications. In many areas, the legislative proposal and its objectives are in line with Finland’s objectives for national legislation. The result of the negotiations is a compromise between the positions of the Council and Parliament, but it fulfils many objectives that are important to Finland.
- Digital and Population Data Services Agency Digital identity reform
- eIDAS Regulation
- Commission legislative proposal
- Government communication to Parliament on the Commission's proposal for amending Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 as regards establishing a framework for a European Digital Identity; Consideration of the matter in Parliament (in Finnish)
- Appointment decision of a national coordination group for the preparation of the European digital identity
Laura Kolinen, Senior Specialist, The Ministry of Finance, tel. 0295530403, [email protected]